Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Hypothyroidism among Population in Moradabad District: A Pilot Study
Introduction: Thyroid problems are thought to be a widespread health problem in India, as they are across the world. However, there is a lack of data on these patients' knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP). Objectives: The goal of this study is to create and validate a questionnaire and to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of population towards hypothyroidism. Materials and Methods: There were two phases to the questionnaire: development and validation. A literature review and evaluation are all part of the development phase. The validation phase entailed determining the questionnaire's suitability by evaluating factors such as clarity, simplicity, accuracy, and relevance using scores provided by lingual experts and Institutional ethical committee members. Results: The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 50 random participants over the age of 20 live in Moradabad District. Cronbach's alpha was used to determine the consistency of replies to individual items and the entire questionnaire. Questionnaire's overall standardized alpha value was 0.821, which is an excellent Cronbach score and suggests good homogeneity. The self-structured questionnaire comprises of KAP based 30 yes, no, or don't know items. The majority of the participants were between the ages of 30-40. 24% were unable to identify the thyroid gland's primary activities. 86% agreed that hypothyroidism is inherited and that they should monitor their thyroid levels on a frequent basis. In terms of adherence, 80% of the individuals were found to be following their treatment plan.