The Impact of an Educational Intervention on the Skill of Community Pharmacists in the Use of a Pressurized Metered-dose Inhaler: A Covert Simulated Patient Approach in Pakistan

  • Sara Shahid [1]Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN.[2]Department of Pharmacy Practice, Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
  • Fahad Ahmed Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, PAKISTAN.
  • Fahad Ahmed Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, PAKISTAN.
  • Amna Bajwa Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN.
  • Muhammad Ans University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
  • Anosh Sana Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN.
  • Sameen Abbas Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN.
  • Asma Fareed Khan [5]Disciplines of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Universiti Sains, MALAYSIA.[6]Children’s Hospital and University of Child Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
  • Aiman Mahmood Department of Pharmaceutics, Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
  • Qandeel Rafi Department of Pharmaceutics, Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
  • Shakeel Ahmad Department of Pharmaceutics, Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
  • Asifa Anwar Department of Pharmacy Practice, Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
  • Rabeel Khan Department of Pharmacy Practice, Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN
  • Gul Shahnaz Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, PAKISTAN
  • Asad Majeed Khan Department of Pharmaceutics, Lahore Pharmacy College, Lahore Medical and Dental College, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, PAKISTAN.
Keywords: Metered-dose inhalers, Community pharmacy professionals, Educational intervention, National Asthma Education and Preventive Program, Covert simulated patient approach.

Abstract

Introduction: Metered-dose inhalers are the most widely prescribed and dispensed inhaler devices worldwide for the management of asthma. The present study aimed to access the impact of educational intervention on the competency of community pharmacists of Islamabad, Pakistan regarding the pressurized metered-dose inhaler (MDI) technique. Materials and Methods: The intervention involved educating pharmacists practically through placebo inhalers and theoretically through literature brochures; based upon the “National Asthma Education and Preventive Program” inhaler technique. A total of 100 pharmacists were recruited from the rural and urban sectors of Islamabad. A covert simulated patient approach was used to evaluate the inhaler technique of pharmacists. Type of pharmacy, education status of pharmacists and the influence of already received training on the use of inhaler devices were the factors that demonstrated a significant positive association with the competency of pharmacists. Results: McNemar test was applied for pre and post-intervention intragroup comparisons to further access categorical variables. A p-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. The competency of pharmacists increased significantly from 24% before intervention to 33% after intervention (p<0.001). Conclusion: Originally, the inhaler technique competency of the majority of pharmacy professionals was observed to be inappropriate. However, the educational intervention proved to be effective in substantially enhancing the skill of community pharmacists regarding the MDI technique.

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Demographic characteristics of Pharmacy Setups (n=100).
Published
2022-07-26
How to Cite
1.
Shahid S, Ahmed F, Ahmed F, Bajwa A, Ans M, Sana A, Abbas S, Khan AF, Mahmood A, Rafi Q, Ahmad S, Anwar A, Khan R, Shahnaz G, Khan AM. The Impact of an Educational Intervention on the Skill of Community Pharmacists in the Use of a Pressurized Metered-dose Inhaler: A Covert Simulated Patient Approach in Pakistan. ijpi [Internet]. 26Jul.2022 [cited 12Aug.2022];12(3):380-5. Available from: https://jpionline.org/index.php/ijpi/article/view/1531